The General Data Protection Regulation is a newly updated EU policy which replaced the Data Protection Directive (DPD) with an intention to improvise the protection of the personal data. This policy applies to the entities within EU as well as the non-EU businesses who are involved in marketing their products to EU.
Essential Details of GDPR and About the Preparation of Thomson Data:
The European General Data Protection Regulation is an update of the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC. This new policy came into enforcement on 25th May 2018. It is envisioned to harmonize data privacy laws across the European Union and hence protects the personal data of the EU citizens. GDPR encourages all the businesses to be transparent in the data processing activity. In the UK, the GDPR policy will replace the Data Protection Act.
The 1995 Directive for data protection and privacy lays a foundation for GDPR. The advancement of the technology in the 80s gave rise to the increased use of computers. This progression resulted in the changes in various activities such as data collection, storage, and processing. Hence to be more rigorous about data privacy, the European Data Protection Directive came into existence in 1995. This directive stated data protection principles which were used by the organizations for over two decades.
Principles of Data Protection Directive
Although the primary goal of these principles is to include the harmonization of data protection laws, it was still a directive. It led to a path for a more significant piece of legislation known as GDPR which became an enforceable law in all the member state. Also, the newly updated General Data Protection Regulation includes various provisions to strengthen the rights of data subjects. Besides, it adds harsher penalties for the violation of the law. Apart from that, one should note that this law is not applicable to legal entities and also a deceased person.
The newly updated GDPR policy applies not only to EU businesses but also to the non-EU firms who monitor or process the data of EU citizens. Also, to enhance the data privacy of an individual, the GDPR strengthens their right with many criteria’s. The individuals have all the right to know about the usage of their data, and also to rectify or delete them anytime. We will see those changes in the next section.